• Ghaznavid Coinage: Narrow Dirham of Isma’il

    This is a silver dirham of Emir Isma’il who succeeded his father Emir Sebuktegin as the second ruler of the Ghaznavid empire, which formed the eastern frontier of medieval Islam. He ruled from 387 A.H. (997 C.E.) to 388 A.H. (998 C.E.). Obverse: Cryptic Tamgha at the top Lines 1-3: