COINAGE OF THE SURIS
Silver Rupee of Islam Shah: Mint of Narnol
Ruler: Islam Shah Suri
Date: 960 A.H. (1552-1553 C.E.)
Reference: Goron & Goenka – D965
Denomination: AR Rupee
Weight: 11.51 grams
Diameter: 23.59 mm
Brief Description and Explanation of the Inscriptions
Most of the margins are off-flan, however they would contain the Laqab and the Kunya of the Sultan, which would be:
Margins: Jalal al-Dunya wa al-Din Abu’l Muzaffar’ (off-flan)
Translation: Glory of the world and the Religion. Father of the victorious: a hyperbole to portray the Sultan as a warrior king, with emphasis on him being the victor and vanquisher of his enemies in battle.
- Islam Shah bin Sher Shah Sultan
- Khallada Allah Mulkuhu
- Translation: May Allah eternalize his (the Sultan’s) dominions
- Date: 960 (A.H.) is engraved vertically
- ‘Shree Islam Shahi’ in Nagari
- Mint formula: Dhuriba (trans: Struck at) Narnol (partially visible)
The names of first four Caliphs (Arabic: Rashidun) with their respective honorific titles (Laqab), and the main field has the Shahahdah in a square.
Notice, the mint-mark above the word khallada on the obverse. This mint mark is found on most of the silver Suri coins that were minted at Narnol.
During the reign of Bahlol Lodhi, Ibrahim Khan, the grandfather of Sultan Sher Shah Suri was allotted a number of villages in Narnol and a charge of forty horsemen by the local iqta (estate) holder Jamál Khán Sárang-kháni, of Hisár-Fírozah. It is recorded in Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi, that Ibrahim Khan died on his jagir (land grant) in Narnol, whose charge then passed on to his son and the father of Sultan Sher Shah, Hassan Khan. In Ain-e-Akbari, the Sarkar of Narnol is mentioned as being part of the Royal Residence of Agra. Its present day location can be identified with the city of Narnol in the Indian state of Haryana. A dependency of the Sarkar of Narnol named Berath is listed, in Ain-e-Akbari as the location of a highly profitable copper mine, and an inactive silver mine.
Narnol was an active mint during the reign of Islam Shah, and issued both silver and copper coins. The silver coins are classified as ‘scarce’. Stylistically, the coins of Islam Shah minted at Narnol bear similarity to his coins issued from Gwalior.
- Goron, S. and Goenka, J. P. The Coins of the Indian Sultanates: Covering the Area of Present-day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, 2001.
- Abul Fazal. Ain-i-Akbari, Vol-II (English Translation by Blochmann, H.), 1891.
- Elliot, H.M. The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period, 1867.